Strict rules for arms dealing!
Fear, violence and murder are part of everyday life in our project countries Brazil and South Africa. Young people and their families live there in war-like conditions. Every additional weapon makes the situation even worse, as does the increasing police violence. We know this from our work on the ground. This is why Switzerland must now take responsibility! We demand: No arms exports to countries like this.
Therefore we support the correction initiative
Switzerland must show responsibility in dealing with arms exports. The criteria for their authorisation must not offer any leeway. The corrective action initiative is an important opportunity. It is intended to reverse the 2014 relaxation of the licensing criteria for war material exports. With the corrective initiative we are calling for more democratic control of Swiss arms exports.
Young people are particularly likely to be victims of gun violence
Brazil is one of the countries with the highest murder rate in the world. 41,726 people were murdered there last year, most of them with firearms. Two thirds of them were black men, most of them between 15 and 29 years old. The rate of murders among young people is one of the highest in the world. Almost 3 percent of the world's population lives in Brazil, but 10 percent of all murders occur there. In the favelas of Brazilian cities, gun violence is commonplace. The comparison with theatres of war is not far-fetched. Since the Syrian conflict began in March 2011, 330,000 people have died there. Since 2003, the war in Iraq has resulted in a total of 268,000 deaths. Between 2001 and 2015 alone, 786,870 people have been murdered in Brazil.
Instead of tackling the root causes of violence such as racism and inequality, the Bolsonaro government has opted for a "hard hand" policy. In his diatribes, the president legitimizes police violence and calls for "bandits to be shot down". We see the fatal consequences in our projects in the favelas of Salvador and Recife, where grassroots organisations are tackling the roots of violence with social programmes for young people. They fight against the inhuman security policy. Like the mothers from all over Brazil whose sons were murdered by the police. In this video they accuse them of the mass murder of young black people from the favelas.
Mothers fight for justice
Excerpts from the documentary video originally published in the article by Felipe Betim e Toni Pires "Mothers whose sons have been killed by the State", in El País, 9 July 2019.
Illegal arms trafficking and police violence
In Brazil, organized crime is closely intertwined with the state security apparatus. It is not uncommon for bullets from police stocks to be found in homicides. It is widespread for weapons from police or even military stocks to get into the hands of organised crime through illegal channels.
Moreover, the security forces themselves are responsible for many of the violent deaths of young people. In 2019, 5,804 people were killed by police officers and the trend is rising under the ultra-right-wing president (18% more than last year). Brazil's police force is thus the most violent in the world. More than 75% of its victims are black. Legitimized by populist rhetoric of the fight against drug trafficking, arbitrary use of firearms by the security forces is commonplace. The general suspicion of young people from the favelas of being involved in drug trafficking serves the police to justify any brutality.
That is why we demand: Swiss weapons must not be sold to governments that use them against their own people or do not have the illegal arms trade under control. Our projects in countries with high levels of violence show: more weapons and repressive policies only make the situation worse.
The arms trade is booming - Switzerland acts irresponsibly
Swiss companies are also very interested in the expanding arms trade market in Brazil. President Jair Bolsonaro has made numerous changes to the arms law, facilitating access to weapons for private individuals and liberalising the legal provisions on arms imports. "To every decent citizen his weapon" is his slogan. A huge growth market for the arms industry: lobbyists from arms companies all over the world regularly court decision-makers in Brasilia. Until a few years ago, RUAG also planned to open a production facility in Brazil. However, these plans were thwarted in 2018 by the intervention of the National Council. If importing countries do not bother about stricter controls, exporting countries like Switzerland will have to pay much closer attention to human rights criteria.
Arms exports are booming worldwide. In recent years, global trade has increased by 10 percent. Switzerland's arms exports last year rose by 43 percent to CHF 728 million, and the criteria to which countries may supply arms continue to leave much room for interpretation. Arms exports have risen steadily since 2016. In 2017 a good 30 percent of Swiss war material exports went to countries involved in internal or international conflicts. This corresponds to a value of around CHF 140 million. Following the relaxation of the War Material Ordinance in 2014, the proportion of such transactions rose steadily. This business involving death must be stopped.
According to the latest figures from SECO, Switzerland exported war material worth CHF 273 million to 64 countries in the first half of 2020: An increase worth 68 million. This is an increase of CHF 68 million compared with the previous year (to be updated when the figures for the first semester are published). War material to the value of around CHF 6 million was exported to Brazil alone. francs was sold.
We demand stricter rules!
- More democratic control and a say in the matter of war material exports: the regulations may not be adopted by the Federal Council by decree, but must be laid down at constitutional or legislative level with the participation of the population and parliament.
- No exports of war material to countries that systematically and seriously violate human rights.
- No exports of war material to countries involved in an internal or international armed conflict
Press release - There is always the risk that war material produced in Switzerland will be used in other countries for human rights violations. For example in Brazil, where arms and police violence in the poor quarters is increasing. terre des hommes schweiz is calling for greater democratic control over Swiss arms exports in the light of the latest SECO figures on war material exports. The development organisation, which is committed to the Corrective Action and War Business Initiative, has commissioned a study on this issue.
The latest SECO figures on war material exports show Despite the Corona crisis, the export business of the Swiss arms industry is flourishing. To ensure effective control of arms exports, terre des hommes schweiz is participating in the alliance of the corrective initiative and is taking a clear stand on the Federal Council's indirect counter-proposal.
Just six months after its launch, the Alliance against Arms Exports to Civil War Countries submitted its corrective initiative on 24th June. The Corrective Action Initiative calls for an export ban on Swiss weapons to countries at war or countries where human rights are systematically violated. Thanks to massive popular support, the Alliance has succeeded in collecting more than 134,000 signatures within a very short time.
If the Federal Council has its way, Swiss weapons should fire even more bullets. Otherwise, his decision from the summer to deliver to civil war countries is incomprehensible. The Federal Government is bowing to the interests of the Swiss arms industry. The decision was taken without a prior democratic vote in parliament or among the electorate. This must change.
At the beginning of November 2017, it became known that Swiss arms companies also intend to export to countries at war in the future. This would require a relaxation of the export ordinances. terre des hommes schweiz, together with 24 organisations, therefore supports a letter from the Group Switzerland without Army (GSoA) to the Security Policy Commission. At the same time, the state armaments company Ruag is planning to build an ammunition factory in Brazil. …