Migration to the mining regions of Tanzania

Migration to the mining regions of Tanzania

The booming mining industry is attracting many job seekers to Tanzania's gold and diamond mines. Among them are also numerous young people. They see migration to the mining regions as an opportunity to escape financial and family problems and violence.
An own motorcycle can become the basis for a success story.
However, only a few of the young people find employment in a large mine owned by international multinationals, where the pay is relatively good. Most of them work as small miners or in businesses such as street vendors or bicycle taxi drivers. Because where there are large mines, the environment is always changing. Slum-like mining towns emerge; retail trade, bars and prostitution are boosted. Girls and young women in particular are at risk of being exposed to abuse.

indebted for an indefinite period
The young people often do not know what to expect before their journey. For example, a 17-year-old woman who was interviewed in a study by terre des hommes schweiz: "A woman who sold clothes in our village made friends with my mother. She promised to help me find a job in Shinyanga, where there are diamond mines. She bought me the bus ticket. I wouldn't have to pay it back until I made money." The young woman never found out how much the ticket cost. She now works as a waitress in a bar, paying off debts monthly. She doesn't know for how much longer.

Further Information
Would you like to delve deeper into this topic? We recommend the article in our in-house newspaper (see PDF on page three) or the study on the migration of young people in the mining regions of Tanzania, which was commissioned by us. (see PDF at the bottom).

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